Geographical position - shortest way to Russian border
The Estonia-Russia border is only 250 km from Paldiski South Harbour and 200 km from Muuga Harbour by rail. While the closest Finnish port to Finnish - Russian border is 400 km from it. Our port links by road, rail and sea within 24h, 48h and 72h respectively reach to a potential market of around 50 million, 100 million and 450 million customers.
Transport sector contributes 10 % of the Estonian GDP
Transport sector plays a vital role in Estonian economy. It contributes up to 10% of the Estonian GDP. Transit business is definitely one of the reasons for the large share of transport sector. Due to its favorable economic and geographical position, Estonia has become a transit gateway for the east-west as well as the north-south connections.
Due to high competition, the local SCM and transport companies have reached the western standards in terms of service and quality and have great transport potential. On the other hand, all major European and global SCM companies work in Estonia.
All five harbours of Port of Tallinn are practically free of ice and 100% navigable all the year round. The Estonian ports are not congested.
The biggest guaranteed depth is 18 meters in Muuga Harbour.
The infrastructure of national transport is well established. Major state-owned national transport enterprises include Port of Tallinn Ltd managing 5 harbours, including the main transit harbour in Muuga Bay, Tallinn Airport Ltd and Estonian Railways. Port of Tallinn is well integrated into the road and rail network with links heading east, west and south through Estonia. There is regular container block train service from Muuga Harbour to Moscow. The gauge standard of the Estonian railway is the same as of Russian railway, 1520 mm.
Free Zone Status
Estonia has 3 Free Zone Areas in Muuga Harbour, Sillamäe Harbour and Valga (next to Latvian border). It means no custom procedures within the zone and simplified procedures for transit.
During the period between 2006-2010, substantial investments will be made into the infrastructure of Muuga Harbour. Major planned investments in the harbour include extension of the eastern development area of Muuga Harbour and development of Muuga Industrial Park.
According to SIA (Shipping Institute in Sweden) Port of Tallinn has the most competitive port dues for tankers in the Baltic Sea region.
The tariff of Estonian Railways is two times cheaper than that of the competitors and Russian Railways.